pomeranian health issues analysis

What Are the Common Health Issues in Pomeranians

Do you know what lies beneath the fluffy exterior of a Pomeranian? As adorable as they may be, these little balls of fur are prone to certain health issues.

From dental problems to heart disease, Pomeranians can face a range of challenges. In this article, we will explore the common health issues that affect Pomeranians, shedding light on the hidden risks that come with this breed.

Stay informed to keep your furry friend healthy and happy.

Key Takeaways

  • Tooth discoloration and gum inflammation are common dental problems in Pomeranians.
  • Collapsing trachea can cause coughing, wheezing, and difficulty breathing in Pomeranians.
  • Luxating patella is a condition where the kneecap slips out of place, causing pain and discomfort in Pomeranians.
  • Pomeranians can suffer from hypothyroidism, which can result in weight gain, lethargy, hair loss, and behavior changes.

Dental Problems

You should be aware of the common dental problems that Pomeranians can experience.

Tooth discoloration and gum inflammation are two issues that can affect your Pomeranian's oral health. Tooth discoloration can occur due to a variety of factors, including plaque and tartar buildup, certain medications, or even genetics. It can give their teeth a yellow or brown appearance, which may affect their smile.

Gum inflammation, also known as gingivitis, is another common problem. It's characterized by red, swollen, and sensitive gums. If left untreated, it can progress to periodontal disease, which can cause tooth loss and even affect your Pomeranian's overall health.

Regular dental care, including brushing their teeth and professional cleanings, can help prevent and treat these issues.

Collapsing Trachea

If your Pomeranian experiences a collapsing trachea, it may lead to coughing, wheezing, and difficulty breathing. Collapsed trachea is a common health issue in Pomeranians, especially in older dogs. The trachea, or windpipe, becomes weak and begins to collapse, causing breathing problems. This condition can be genetic or caused by factors such as obesity or respiratory infections. In severe cases, tracheal collapse may require surgery to alleviate the symptoms and improve your dog's quality of life. Tracheal collapse surgery involves placing stents or rings around the trachea to provide support and prevent further collapse. However, surgery is not always necessary, and your veterinarian will assess the severity of the condition and recommend the most appropriate treatment plan for your Pomeranian.

Symptoms Treatment
Coughing Medication
Wheezing Weight management
Difficulty breathing Surgery (if necessary)

Luxating Patella

One common health issue in Pomeranians is a luxating patella, where the kneecap slips out of place. Luxating patella is a condition that can cause pain and discomfort for your Pomeranian. It occurs when the groove in the thigh bone, which normally holds the kneecap in place, is too shallow. As a result, the kneecap can easily move out of its normal position.

In severe cases, patella surgery may be necessary to correct the problem. During the surgery, the veterinarian will deepen the groove and realign the patella. After the surgery, your Pomeranian may require physical therapy to regain strength and mobility in the affected leg. Physical therapy can include exercises, as well as massage and hydrotherapy, to help your Pomeranian recover and improve their overall quality of life.


A common health issue in Pomeranians is hypothyroidism, which occurs when the thyroid gland doesn't produce enough thyroid hormone. The causes of hypothyroidism in Pomeranians can vary, but it's often a result of an autoimmune disorder called lymphocytic thyroiditis. This condition causes the immune system to attack and destroy the thyroid gland.

Other causes include congenital hypothyroidism, where the puppy is born with an underactive thyroid, and iatrogenic hypothyroidism, which can occur as a side effect of certain medications.

The symptoms of hypothyroidism in Pomeranians include weight gain, lethargy, hair loss, cold intolerance, and changes in behavior.

Treatment options for hypothyroidism include lifelong hormone replacement therapy, in which synthetic thyroid hormone is given orally to supplement the hormone deficiency.

With proper treatment, Pomeranians with hypothyroidism can lead healthy and happy lives.

Heart Disease

Heart disease can be a serious health issue for Pomeranians, affecting their overall well-being and quality of life. Two common heart conditions seen in Pomeranians are heart murmurs and congestive heart failure. A heart murmur is a sound produced by abnormal blood flow through the heart. It can range from mild to severe and may or may not cause symptoms. On the other hand, congestive heart failure occurs when the heart can no longer pump blood efficiently, leading to fluid buildup in the lungs and other organs. Symptoms of congestive heart failure in Pomeranians may include coughing, difficulty breathing, fatigue, and a decreased appetite. If you notice any of these signs, it is important to seek veterinary care promptly to manage and treat your Pomeranian's heart disease.

Heart Murmur Congestive Heart Failure
Abnormal blood flow Inefficient heart pumping
May or may not cause symptoms Fluid buildup in lungs and organs
Ranges from mild to severe Coughing, difficulty breathing, fatigue, decreased appetite


In conclusion, Pomeranians may be small in size, but they're big on health issues!

From dental problems that can make them resemble toothless lions to collapsing tracheas that turn them into mini Darth Vaders, these adorable fluff balls face their fair share of challenges.

And let's not forget about their wobbly knees and sluggish thyroids.

But don't worry, with proper care and regular check-ups, these pint-sized pups can still lead happy and healthy lives.

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